Recently, several types of mental illnesses have been on the rise globally, especially depression of all kinds. During treatment, the therapists always have to weigh the drug’s effectiveness against its side effects. Consequently, the therapist is forced to prescribe high doses that treat mental illness but have adverse effects on the body’s organs.

Therefore, this research project highlighted the possibility of utilizing nanotechnology in modifying the properties of basic materials to solve this dilemma. The project also discussed several types of psychiatric medications and their biological and physio-chemical problems that lead to the need for a high dose for the drug to take effect, thus causing side effects.

Furthermore, the project tackled the types of numerous nano-metric carriers, loading these drugs onto them, and how this led international research to improve the properties of the drugs, reducing doses and side effects, while maintaining the effectiveness of the drug.