PTBA 219 – Anatomy IV

Course lecturer :

  • PD. Ezzat El-Sawwa

Course assistant :

  • Hanan Rashad
  • Mohamad Khaled

Course objectives :

This course presents basic understanding of concepts and interpretation of the different components of the central nervous system including the micro-structures of the nervous system, back muscles, lumbar vertebrae, spinal cord and its tracts, brain stem, cerebellum, cerebrum, diencephalon, basal nuclei, white matter, internal capsule, and ventricular system. Also the basic concepts of the abdominal, pelvic and perennial musculature & their neuro-vascular supply.

Course description :

The neuro-anatomical lectures cover the micro-anatomy including structure and types of neurons, synapses, neurotransmitters, neuroglial cells, nerve fibers and its mylination, receptors & effectors, dermatomes and myotomes and line of gravity. Layers of the back muscles and lumbar vertebrae. Divisions of the nervous system, its coverings and related important vertebral levels. Shape, structure and vascular supply of the spinal cord. Ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord. External and internal features of the brain stem, cerebellum and cerebrum. Parts and components of the diencephalon, white matter and internal capsule. Classification and function of basal ganglia and related important abnormal movements. The components, position and connections of the ventricular system, CSF formation, circulation and drainage.

Course assessment :

  1. Quiz
  2. Assignment
  3. Midterm exam
  4. Practical
  5. Oral
  6. Final written

Recommended text books :

• Snell R. Clinical Anatomy by region. By Richard Snell. 9th edition. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 2012.

Recommended refrences :

Snell R. Clinical Anatomy by region. By Richard Snell. 9th edition. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 2012.